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Child Protection and Safeguarding Policy

At Park High School child protection is given the highest priority. Our school fully recognises the contribution it can make to protect children and support pupils in school. The purpose of this safeguarding policy is to ensure every child at our school is safe and protected from harm. There are three main elements to our Child Protection Policy:

  1. Prevention: Positive school atmosphere, teaching and pastoral support to all pupils and ensuring staff are trained, supported and empowered with an awareness of the signs. Ensuring we practice safe recruitment.
  1. Protection: By following agreed procedures, ensuring staff are trained and supported to respond appropriately and sensitively to Child Protection concerns. Raising awareness of Child Protection issues and equipping students with the skills needed to keep them safe, promoting the procedures for identifying and reporting cases, or suspected cases of allegations of abuse.
  1. Support: To pupils and school staff and to children who may have been abused. Supporting students who have been abused, in accordance with their Child Protection plan, establishing a safe environment in which students can learn and develop.

This means we will always work to:

  • Protect children and young people at our school from maltreatment;
  • Prevent impairment of our children’s and young people’s mental and physical health, wellbeing or development;
  • Ensure that children and young people at our school grow up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care;
  • Undertake that role so as to enable children at our school to have the best outcomes.

This policy will give clear direction to staff, volunteers, visitors and parents about expectations and our legal responsibility to safeguard and promote the welfare of all children at our school. This policy applies to all pupils, staff, parents, governors, volunteers and visitors.

Named staff with specific responsibility for Child Protection

Academic Year

Designated Senior Person & Deputy DSL

Nominated Governor

     

2020-21

Mrs Catherine Bridges

Mr Ian Walker

 

Assistant Headteacher (Lead DSL)

Chair of Governors

     

2020-21

Mr Gareth Jackson

 
 

Deputy Headteacher (Deputy DSL)

 
     

2020-21

Mrs Jenn Casper-Smith

 
 

Assistant Headteacher (Deputy DSL)

 
     

2020-21

Mrs Amanda Coward

 
 

Assistant Director of Student Progress (Deputy DSL)

 
     

In the absence of the above named staff, Mr John Tarbox (Executive Head) or Mrs Catherine Eulert (Headteacher) is to be consulted.

Safer Recruitment Training (at least 1 person on any recruitment and selection process has to be trained in safer recruitment.) The online course is now provided by DFE.

Name of trained staff

Date of training

Training delivered by

     

Mrs Karen Dobney

2017

Department of

   

Education – online

     

Mr John Tarbox

2017

Department of

   

Education – online

     

Mr G Jackson

2017

Department of

   

Education – online

     

Statutory Guidance

●   Education Act 2002: Section 175 of the Education Act 2002 requires local Education authorities and the governors of maintained schools and further Education (FE) colleges to make arrangements to ensure that their functions are carried out with a view to safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children. 

●   Section 157 of the same act and the Education (Independent Schools Standards) (England) Regulations 2003 require proprietors of independent schools (including Academies and city technology colleges) to have arrangements to safeguard and promote the welfare of children who are pupils at the school.

●   Working Together to Safeguard Children 2018 sets out organisational responsibilities for schools and colleges and this applies to maintained, independent, academies, free schools and alternative non provision academies.

●   Keeping Children Safe in Education 2020: Statutory guidance for schools and colleges 2020 was issued under Section 175 of the Education Act 2002, the Education (Independent School Standards) Regulations 2014 and the Education (Non-Maintained Special Schools) (England) Regulations 2011. This contains information on what schools and colleges should do and sets out the legal duties with which schools must comply.

●   What to do if you are worried a child is being abused

●   Guidance for Safer Working Practice

●   The Children Act 1989

●   The Children Act 2004

A CHILD IS DEFINED AS A PERSON UNDER THE AGE OF 18 YEARS (The Children Act 1989)

 

                 

School’s commitment

Park High School recognises that high self-esteem, confidence, peer support and clear lines of communication with trusted adults helps all children, especially those at risk of, or suffering abuse. We therefore ensure that: 

●   ALL staff, volunteers and governors contribute to an ethos where children feel secure and safe.

●   ALL children have opportunities to communicate and know that they are listened to.

●   ALL children's wishes, feelings and views will be taken into account when decisions are being made about how to keep them safe.

●   ALL children know that they can communicate with any adult in school if they are worried or in difficulty.

   
  • ALL staff and volunteers will contribute to providing a curriculum which will equip children with the skills they need to stay safe and be able to communicate when they do not feel safe
  • ALL staff and volunteers will contribute to providing a curriculum which will help children develop an attitude which will enable them to enter adulthood successfully and reach their full potential
  • ALL staff, volunteers and governors will establish effective, supportive and positive relationships with parents, carers, pupils and professionals

Equality statement    Some children have an increased risk of abuse, and additional barriers can exist for some children with respect to recognising or disclosing it. We are committed to anti-discriminatory practice and recognise children’s diverse circumstances. We ensure that all children have the same protection, regardless of any barriers they may face.

We give special consideration to children who:

  • Have special educational needs (SEN) or disabilities (see section 9).
  • Are young carers.
  • May experience discrimination due to their race, ethnicity, religion, gender identification or sexuality.
  • Have English as an additional language.
  • Are known to be living in difficult situations – for example, temporary accommodation or where there are issues such as substance abuse or domestic violence.
  • Are at risk of FGM, sexual exploitation, forced marriage, or radicalisation.
  • Are asylum seekers.
  • Are at risk due to either their own or a family member’s mental health needs.
  • Are looked after or previously looked after.

Roles and Responsibilities

Park High School is committed to providing the relevant personnel with clear and explicit roles and responsibilities to ensure accountability when safeguarding children. We therefore ensure that:

All adults, including volunteers, working in or on behalf of the school will:

  • Demonstrate an understanding that safeguarding is everyone's responsibility
  • Maintain and demonstrate a mind set of "it could happen here" and “think the unthinkable”
  • Do all they can within the capacity of their role, to keep ensure that children are protected from harm
  • Do all they can within the capacity of their role, to ensure that children grow up in circumstances consistent with safe and effective care
  • Do all they can within the capacity of their role, to ensure that children have the best outcomes
  • Report cases of suspected abuse to a DSL. This will be done as soon as possible using the school's agreed format
  • Report lower level concerns to a DSL using the school's agreed format
  • Monitor all pupils, particularly those that are deemed vulnerable
  • Report any concerns regarding adults conduct to a DSL or Headteacher
  • All staff, if they have concerns, these should be acted on immediately and should always speak to a DSL or Deputy, early information sharing being vital in keeping children safe. In exceptional circumstances staff should consider speaking to a member of SLT or Children's Social Care to discuss safeguarding concerns if the DSL is not immediately available.
  • All staff should be aware of the process for making referrals to children’s social care and for statutory assessments under the Children Act 1989, especially section 17 (children in need) and section 47 (a child suffering, or likely to suffer, significant harm) that may follow a referral, along with the role they might be expected to play in such assessments

The Governing Body will:

  • Ensure that the policies, procedures and training in Park High School are effective and comply with the law at all times
  • Ensure that safeguarding policies and procedures are followed by all staff
  • Put in place safeguarding responses in cases where children go missing from education
  • Appoint a DSL and back-ups and ensure that they are provided with appropriate support, funding, resources and time to carry out their role

Ensure the school or college contributes to inter-agency working in line with statutory guidance Working together to safeguard children 2018

Guidance

  • Ensure that staff members undergo safeguarding training at induction
  • Ensure that DSLs and all staff, volunteers and Governors are trained and updated regarding safeguarding regularly in compliance with Keeping Children Safe in

Education 2020

  • Ensure that children are safe online by ensuring that appropriate filters and monitoring systems are in place.
  • Ensure that children are taught about safeguarding.
  • Prevent people who pose a risk of harm from working with children.
  • Ensure there are procedures in place to handle allegations against teachers, headteachers, principals, volunteers and other staff.
  • Ensure staff in school are aware of, and policies reflect, an understanding of specific issues such as peer on peer abuse and safeguarding children with disabilities and special educational needs.
  • Ensure that all practice and procedures operate with the best interests of the child at their heart.
  • Appoint a designated teacher to promote the education of CLA.
  • Ensure that all staff are aware of safeguarding issues and vulnerabilities associated with CLA.

The DSLs will:

  • Take lead responsibility for safeguarding and child protection.
  • Manage referrals to Children's Social Care, Police and other agencies.
  • Work with others in order to improve outcomes for children.
  • Attend DSL training every 2 years.
  • Undertake Prevent awareness training.
  • Update their skills and knowledge on a regular basis, but at least annually.
  • Raise awareness of safeguarding throughout school.
  • Ensure that this policy is reviewed annually and is available publicly.
  • Maintain, update and amend the school's safeguarding portfolio regularly.
  • Ensure that parents are aware of schools responsibilities regarding safeguarding and child protection.
  • Maintain accurate safeguarding records that are stored securely.
  • Be available during school hours.
  • Arrange cover of DSL role for any out of hours/out of term activities.
  • Represent school in multi-agency meetings.

Be provided with appropriate support and supervision in order to carry out the role safely and effectively.

  • DSLs must take a holistic view to ensure wider environmental factors are considered which may be a threat to safety and welfare of children (Contextual Safeguarding).
  • The DSL will consider when a child is moving school if it would be appropriate to share information in advance of the pupil moving.
  • Ensure that the school has suitably trained Key Adult/s in order to fulfil its obligations under Operation Encompass.
  • Ensure that the school’s commitment to Operation Encompass is known throughout the school community via the means of staff training, parental letters, posters and the school website*.
  • The DSL should have details and liaise with the Local Authority Personal Advisors for any Care Leavers.

Directors of House (Pastoral Leads)/ Wellbeing Team

  • Pass on any information about suspected abuse to named person or, in the absence of a named person, to the Headteacher, as soon as it is known.
  • Pass on to the named person information given to them by the police or social services regarding any student being investigated by these agencies.
  • Inform the named person of what has been said when requests for information are made by social services/police. Written records of such contacts must be kept and dated.
  • Alert named person if a student on the child protection register is absent without apparent reason or leaves school or if an odd pattern of attendance has arisen, so that appropriate action can be taken. The attendance officer also has a list of vulnerable students and will contact the named person, if they are absent from a lesson without reason.
  • Keep and maintain up to date records on students – including live logs, CIN/CP registers for their allocated cohort and transfer of student files between schools.

See Keeping Children Safe in Education 2020

Induction, Training & Updates

Park High School is committed to providing staff and volunteers with the skills and knowledge needed to safeguard children. We therefore ensure that:

 

 

  • ALL staff and volunteers will receive Level 1 & 2 Safeguarding Training on induction which includes Keeping Children Safe in Education (Part One), Guidance for Safer

Working Practice, Code of Conduct and Whistleblowing.

  • Staff induction must include Child Protection Policy, Staff Behaviour Policy, Role of the DSL and Deputies, Behaviour Policy and Safeguarding response to children who go missing from education.
  • ALL staff and volunteers will receive Level 1 & 2 Safeguarding Training annually
  • The DSL/s will provide ALL staff, volunteers and governors with regular safeguarding updates using GEM Briefings.
  • ALL staff, volunteers and governors will read and show an understanding of any updates that are provided.
  • DSLs will attend DSL training every 2 years.
  • DSLs will update their knowledge, skills and understanding of relevant safeguarding issues on a regular basis.
  • The main DSL will undertake Prevent awareness training.
  • At least one member of staff and one governor will attend Safer Recruitment Training. This will be renewed at least every 5 years.
  • ALL staff, volunteers and governors will undertake any additional training on matters such as Child Sexual and Child Criminal Exploitation, Prevent, Peer on Peer abuse, Online Safety etc. as is deemed necessary by the SLT.
  • Any staff member will discuss any specific training requirements or gaps in knowledge or understanding with the DSL/s.

Child Protection

Park High School is committed to PREVENTING abuse, PROTECTING children from abuse and SUPPORTING those involved in cases of abuse. We therefore ensure that:

  • ALL staff and volunteers understand the importance of teaching children how to keep themselves safe from all types of abuse.
  • ALL staff and volunteers seek out opportunities that are relevant to their role, to teach children the skills to keep themselves safe.
  • ALL staff and volunteers make and maintain positive and supportive relationships with children which enable children to feel safe and valued.
  • safeguarding has a high status throughout school by being on the agenda at staff meetings/briefings, information being readily available on notice boards, regular updates.
  • ALL staff feel confident in approaching DSLs to raise concerns.
  • ALL staff and volunteers have an understanding of the four categories of abuse;

NEGLECT, EMOTIONAL ABUSE, SEXUAL ABUSE, PHYSICAL ABUSE.

  • ALL staff and volunteers understand that there are other ways in which children can be abused such as; Online, Upskirting, Child Sexual Exploitation, Child Criminal Exploitation, Female Genital Mutilation, Honour Based Violence, Serious Violence, Peer on per abuse, Radicalisation, Trafficking, Slavery, Peer Abuse, Forced Marriage and others. These additional types of abuse are all referred to during annual Safeguarding training.
  • ALL staff and volunteers have the knowledge, skills and expertise to recognise the signs and symptoms of all types of abuse.
  • All staff, if they have concerns, these should be acted on immediately: early information sharing being vital in keeping children safe. In exceptional circumstances staff should consider speaking to a member of SLT or Children's Social Care to discuss safeguarding concerns if the DSL is not immediately available.
  • DSLs keep up to date with emerging and specific safeguarding issues and update training and the School's Safeguarding Portfolio accordingly.
  • DSLs update staff and volunteers knowledge and understanding of such issues in order for them to be able to identify children who are at risk of such specific safeguarding issues.
  • ALL staff and volunteers will maintain and demonstrate an attitude of "it can happen here"
  • ALL staff and volunteers are child-centred in their practice and act in the best interests of the child at all times.
  • ALL staff recognise and understand that behaviour can be a child's way of communicating distress and changes to behaviour may be an indicator of abuse.
  • ALL staff and volunteers have the skills to respond appropriately and sensitively to disclosures or allegations of abuse.
  • ALL staff and volunteers report cases of suspected abuse to the DSL. This will be done as soon as possible using the school's agreed format.

Where a child is at risk of immediate harm, ALL staff understand that they must refer to the Police or Children's Social Care.

  • ALL staff and visitors know how to refer to Children's Social Care.
  • DSLs will make a Section 47 referral to Children's Social Care where a child is in need of protection, has been significantly harmed or is at risk of significant harm, using Lancashire Continuum of Need and Thresholds Guidance and Risk Management Toolkit to determine whether this threshold has been met

This referral will be done by telephone and followed with a CSC Referral Form as soon as possible.

  • Consent from parents/carers and child (if age appropriate) will be sought prior to this referral, except where this will cause delay or place anyone at risk.
  • Where consent is not given, parents and carers are informed that a referral will still be made, except where this will cause delay or place anyone at risk.
  • DSLs adhere to policy, procedures and guidance from the LSCB with regard to sharing information.
  • DSLs contribute to Strategy Discussions, Strategy Meetings, Initial and Review Child Protection Conferences, Core Group Meetings and other CP meetings.
  • DSLs or another appropriate member of staff, will attend CP meetings, produce and present reports, liaise with staff, work with parents, work with other agencies and ensure the voice of the child is evidenced throughout these processes.
  • DSLs meet regularly to ensure that decisions made about children who are subjects of CP Plans are agreed and a clear rationale for the decision is documented.
  • A copy of the child's CP Plan is included in the child's individual safeguarding file.
  • ALL staff and volunteers will support victims of abuse in a capacity that is relevant to their role. This will be determined by the DSL.
  • DSLs will determine what information staff members need to know in order to safeguard and support children. This may be different information for different staff.
  • Staff are offered appropriate support and/or supervision that is relevant to their role or involvement in particular cases.
  • Communication and work with parents and carers will always be undertaken in a supportive manner and in the best interests of the child.
  • ALL staff understand that children who perpetrate abuse or display harmful behaviour should be treated as victims first and foremost and supported in the same way a victim of abuse would be supported.
  • Specific programmes of work and support are offered to children and families who are vulnerable.
  • Risk Assessments will be undertaken where a child's behaviour poses a risk to others, themselves or the environment.

Child in Need

Park High School is committed to ensuring the appropriate level of support is offered to a "Child in Need" and their family. We therefore ensure that:

 

 

  • DSLs will make a Section 17 referral to Children's Social Care where Early Help has not been successful in reducing risk and meeting unmet needs using Lancashire Continuum of Need and Thresholds Guidance and CSC referral form.
  • DSLs will make a Section 17 referral to Children's Social Care where there is evidence that the Level 3 threshold has been met on the Continuum of Need.
  • This will be determined and assessed by the DSL using the Lancashire Continuum of Need and Thresholds Guidance Risk Management Toolkit.
  • DSLs will obtain parental consent for the referral and for information to be shared, prior to contacting Children's Social Care.
  • When consent is not given, DSLs will continue to offer Early Help and gather Evidence of engagement or lack thereof, disguised compliance for the child, increase in risk or level of unmet need, improvements or deteriorations.
  • DSLs will review such cases regularly and assess whether there is evidence that meets Level 4 threshold on the Continuum of Need. In such cases Child Protect Procedures will be followed.
  • DSLs, or other appropriate member of staff, will contribute to Child in Need Meeting.
  • DSLs, or other appropriate member of staff, will attend CiN present reports, liaise with staff, work with parents, work with other agencies and ensure the voice of the child is evidenced throughout these processes.
  • DSLs will meet regularly to ensure that decisions made about children who are subjects of CiN Plans are agreed and a clear rationale for the decision is documented.
  • A copy of the child's CiN Plan is included in the child's individual safeguarding file.

Looked-after and previously looked-after children

We will ensure that staff have the skills, knowledge and understanding to keep looked-after children and previously looked-after children safe.

In particular, we will ensure that:

  • Appropriate staff have relevant information about children’s looked after legal status, contact arrangements with birth parents or those with parental responsibility, and care arrangements.
  • The DSL has details of children’s social workers and relevant virtual school heads.
  • We have appointed a designated teacher, Karen Baines, who is responsible for promoting the educational achievement of looked-after children and previously looked-after children in line with statutory guidance.
  • The designated teacher is appropriately trained and has the relevant qualifications and experience to perform the role.

As part of their role, the designated teacher will:

  • Work closely with the DSL to ensure that any safeguarding concerns regarding looked-after and previously looked-after children are quickly and effectively responded to
  • Work with virtual school heads to promote the educational achievement of looked-after and previously looked-after children, including discussing how funding can be best used to support looked-after children and meet the needs identified in their personal education plans.
Early Help - Park High School is committed to providing our families with the right help at the right time.

Any child may benefit from early help, but all school and college staff should be particularly alert to the potential need for early help for a child who:

  • is disabled and has specific additional needs;
  • has special educational needs (whether or not they have a statutory education, health and care plan);
  • is a young carer;
  • • is showing signs of being drawn in to antisocial or criminal behaviour, including gang involvement and association with organised crime groups;
  • is frequently missing/goes missing from care or from home;
  • is misusing drugs or alcohol themselves;
  • Is at risk of modern slavery, trafficking or exploitation;
  • • is in a family circumstance presenting challenges for the child, such as substance abuse, adult mental health problems or domestic abuse;
  • has returned home to their family from care;
  • is showing early signs of abuse and/or neglect;
  • is at risk of being radicalised or exploited;
  • is a privately fostered child.

We therefore ensure that:

  • ALL staff and volunteers will use the school's agreed format for letting the DSL know about Early Help requirements.
  • DSLs will undertake a CAF assessment, when appropriate, to identify what Early Help is required.
  • DSLs will signpost and refer to appropriate support agencies.
  • DSLs will lead on TAF meetings where is it appropriate for them to do so.
  • DSLs will refer to CSC where Early Help has not been successful in reducing risk and meeting unmet needs using Lancashire Continuum of Need and Thresholds Guidance and Lancashire CSC referral form.
  • DSLs will utilise Children and Family Wellbeing service.
  • DSLs and other identified staff will identify and work with any organisations that are relevant in meeting the needs of pupils and their families.
  • DSLs and other identified staff will initiate and maintain positive and supportive relationships with parents and carers of children who may benefit from Early Help

Specific Safeguarding

Park High School is committed to keeping our children safe from specific forms of abuse. All staff should have an awareness of safeguarding issues that can put children at risk of harm. Behaviours linked to issues such as drug taking, alcohol abuse, deliberately missing education and sexting put children in danger.

We therefore ensure that:

ALL staff and volunteers understand that there are specific and emerging ways in which children can be abused, such as:

Mental Health

All staff are aware that mental health problems can, in some cases, be an indicator that a child has suffered or is at risk of suffering abuse, neglect or exploitation. Staff must not diagnose any mental health problems, but must report their concerns to a DSL immediately.  Staff are aware of how Adverse Childhood Experiences can impact on a child’s mental health, behaviour and education.

Staff must adhere to the following if they have a concern regarding a child’s mental health.

   

Serious Violence refers to children being at risk from, or involved with serious violent crime. All staff must be aware of indicators which may include increased absence from school, a change in friendships or relationships with older individuals or groups, a significant decline in performance, signs of self-harm or a significant change in wellbeing, or signs of assault or unexplained injuries. Unexplained gifts or new possessions could also indicate that children have been approached by, or are involved with, individuals associated with criminal networks or gangs.

All staff should be aware of the associated risks and understand the measures in place to manage these. Advice for schools and colleges is provided in the Home Office’s Preventing youth violence and gang involvement and its Criminal exploitation of children and vulnerable adults: county lines guidance.

Radicalisation refers to the process by which a person comes to support terrorism and forms of extremism, there is no single way of identifying an individual who is likely to be susceptible to an extremist ideology. Online radicalisation as well as face to face are equally present in today’s society and local area. Park High School takes every action to ensure all our students are protected through the following safeguarding procedures from KCSiE 2020, WTSGC 2018, PREVENT Contest strategy and www.homeoffice.gov.uk We adhere to the 4 strands of CONTEST:

  1. Pursue – Police and security services working in the criminal space to stop attacks
  1. Protect – strengthen our protection against a potential terrorist attack
  1. Prepare – how to deal with and mitigate the impact of a terrorist attack
  1. PREVENT – working in a non-criminal space to safeguard people from becoming a terrorist or supporting terrorism
  • ALL staff and volunteers will have 'due regard to the need to prevent people from being drawn into terrorism’, known as the ‘Prevent Duty’
  • ALL staff and volunteers will have a general understanding of how to identify a child who may be at risk of radicalisation
  • ALL staff and volunteers will use professional judgement in identifying children who might be at risk of radicalisation and act proportionately
  • The school Online Safety Policy will ensure the safety of children by ensuring they cannot access terrorist and extremist material when using the internet and that suitable filtering software is in place
  • DSLs understand when it is appropriate to make a referral to the Channel Panel
  • If a member of staff cannot find a DSL then they must not delay in reporting their concerns to the local authority. Staff should inform the DSL as soon as possible if they have made a referral to local authority children’s social care about any extremism concerns.

Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE) involves exploitative situations, contexts and relationships where young people may receive something (e.g. food, accommodation, drugs, alcohol, gifts or simply affection) as a result of engaging in sexual activities. The perpetrator will not only groom the victim (possibly over a long period of time) but will always hold some kind of power which increases as the exploitative relationship develops. Sexual exploitation involves a degree of coercion, intimidation or enticement, including unwanted pressures from peers to have sex, sexual bullying including online bullying (cyberbullying) and grooming. It is important to recognise that some young people who are being sexually exploited do not exhibit any external signs of this abuse.

  • The school curriculum (whereby sexual relationships/PSHE is delivered) will include relevant information around the risks associated with CSE
  • The school Online Safety Policy will ensure the safety of children by ensuring they cannot access inappropriate material when using the internet and that suitable filtering software is in place

Child Criminal Exploitation (CCE) involves exploitative situations, contexts and relationships where young people may receive something (e.g. food, accommodation, drugs, alcohol, gifts or simply affection) as a result of engaging in criminal activities. The perpetrator will not only groom the victim (possibly over a long period of time but not always) but will always hold some kind of power which increases as the exploitative relationship develops. Criminal exploitation involves a degree of coercion, intimidation or enticement, including pressures from peers to engage in the criminal activity. It is important to recognise that some young people who are being criminally exploited do not exhibit any external signs of this abuse and do not believe that the are being victimised.

  • The school curriculum (whereby RSE and Healthy Relationships is delivered) will include relevant information around the risks associated with CSE
  • The school Online Safety Policy will ensure the safety of children by ensuring they cannot access inappropriate material when using the internet and that suitable filtering software is in place

Honour Based Violence (HBV) 'A crime or incident, which has or may have been committed, to protect or defend the honour of the family and/or community'. (ACPO Working Definition 2008) ALL staff and volunteers will have a general understanding of how to identify a child who may be at risk of Honour Based Violence.

Forced Marriage is one whereby one or both parties do not consent to marriage but are forced to do so through violence, threats or any form of coercion. Schools play an important role in safeguarding children from being forced to marry.

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)

Any teacher who discovers (either through disclosure by the victim or visual evidence) that an act of FGM appears to have been carried out on a pupil under 18 must immediately report this to the police, personally. This is a statutory duty.

Unless they have been specifically told not to disclose, they should also discuss the case with the DSL and involve children’s social care as appropriate.

Any other member of staff who discovers that an act of FGM appears to have been carried out on a pupil under 18 must speak to the DSL and follow our local safeguarding procedures.

The duty for teachers mentioned above does not apply in cases where a pupil is at risk of FGM or FGM is suspected but is not known to have been carried out.

Modern Slavery The Modern Slavery Act 2015 places a new statutory duty on public authorities, including schools, to notify the National Crime Agency (NCA) (section 52 of the Act) on observing signs or receiving intelligence relating to modern slavery. The public authority (including schools) bears this obligation where it has ‘reasonable grounds to believe that a person may be a victim of slavery or human trafficking’.

  • Staff must be aware of the above and contact the DSL should they suspect or receive information that either parents or their children may be victims of modern slavery. The DSL should then contact the NCA

Peer on Peer Abuse occurs when a young person is exploited, bullied and / or harmed by their peers who are the same or similar age; everyone directly involved in peer on peer abuse is under the age of 18.

This is most likely to include, but may not be limited to:

  • upskirting
  • bullying (including cyberbullying);
  • physical abuse such as hitting, kicking, shaking, biting, hair pulling, or otherwise causing physical harm;
  • sexual violence and sexual harassment;
  • sexting (also known as youth produced sexual imagery); and
  • initiation/hazing type violence and rituals.

In response:

  • ALL staff and volunteers understand that children can abuse other children
  • ALL staff and volunteers will inform the DSL of suspected peer abuse and record in line with schools recording policy
  • Peer on peer abuse will be taken as seriously as any other form of abuse
  • All staff understand that abuse is abuse and should never be tolerated or passed off as “banter”, “just having a laugh” or “part of growing up
  • All staff will understand that pupils with SEND are more prone to peer group isolation and school will have extra pastoral support to address this.
  • Physical abuse between peers will be managed under the school's Behaviour Policy**
  • Emotional abuse between peers will be managed under the school's Anti-Bullying

Policy

  • Harmful sexual behaviour will be identified and managed using the Brook Traffic Light Tool and with support and guidance from LCC Schools Safeguarding Officer
  • Sexting will be managed on a case by case basis using national and local guidance and advice from LCC Schools Safeguarding Officer.
  • In cases of suspected or actual peer on peer abuse a risk assessment will be undertaken and appropriate and proportionate control measures put in place to manage and reduce risk. Seek advice from LCC Schools Safeguarding Officer
  • Referrals to Children's Social Care, Police and/or other appropriate agencies will be made where thresholds are met
  • DSLs understand that regarding peer on peer abuse, the victim and the perpetrator are likely to have unmet needs and require support and assessment to determine these.
  • The DSL will assess on a case-by-case basis, supported by children’s social care and the police if required to ensure the most appropriate response for the children / young people involved.

The DSL will consider:

  • The wishes of the victim in terms of how they want to proceed
  • The nature of the alleged incident
  • The ages of the children involved
  • The development stages of the children involved
  • Any power imbalance between the children
  • Is the incident a one-off or a sustained pattern of abuse
  • Are there ongoing risks to the victim, other children, school or college staff
  • Contextual safeguarding issues

Following a report of sexual violence, the designated safeguarding lead (or deputy) will make an immediate risk and needs assessment, considering:

  • The victim
  • The alleged perpetrator
  • All other children (and if appropriate adult students and staff).

Risk assessments will be recorded and kept under review as a minimum termly.

Children Missing from Education can be a potential sign of abuse or neglect including sexual exploitation, undergoing female genital mutilation, forced marriage or travelling to conflict zones.

  • ALL staff and volunteers follow school procedures when a child misses education particularly on repeat occasions to help identify the risk of abuse and neglect
  • The school Attendance Policy is up to date, reviewed annually and includes reference to CME
  • There is an admissions policy and an attendance register
  • The Local Authority is informed of any pupil who fails to attend school regularly, or has been absent without the schools permission for a continuous period of 10 school days or more
  • Where reasonably possible schools and colleges should hold more than one emergency contact number for their pupils and students.
  • All staff will be aware that children going missing from education can be a warning sign of safeguarding considerations and act on these in line with the policy

Other vulnerable categories

All staff will have read Annex A of Keeping Children Safe in Education and be aware of specific forms of abuse and safeguarding issues and vulnerable groups of children including;

Children in the Court system;

  • Children with family members in prison
  • Child Criminal Exploitation (County Lines)
  • Homelessness

For all specific safeguarding issues, DSLs will seek advice from LCC Schools Safeguarding Officer and follow national and local guidance that can be accessed in the School's Safeguarding Portfolio:

Online Safety

Park High School is committed to keeping pupils safe online. We therefore ensure that:

  • ALL staff and volunteers understand that children can be harmed online via hurtful and abusive messages, enticing children to engage in age inappropriate conversations, sharing and production of indecent images or encouraging risk taking behaviour
  • The school’s Online Safety Policy details how we keep pupils safe when using the internet and mobile technology
  • Online bullying by pupils, via texts and emails, will be treated as seriously as any other type of bullying and will be managed through our Anti-bullying / Behaviour

Policy

  • There is a clear and explicit procedure for dealing with mobile phones that are brought into school by children
  • DfE advice; Searching, Screening and Confiscation is followed where there is a need to search a pupil for a mobile device
  • When school become aware of an online safety issue that has occurred outside of school, it is managed in accordance with the school Online Safety Policy
  • The school has appropriate filters and monitoring systems in place regarding use of internet (3G and 4G) in school - these should be detailed in the Online Safety Policy.

Record Keeping

Park High School is committed to recording all matters relating to the welfare of children in a relevant format. We therefore ensure that:

  • DSLs will maintain accurate safeguarding records.
  • There is an agreed format for reporting all matters relating to child wellbeing, from an early help requirement to a disclosure of abuse.
  • ALL staff use the agreed format for passing on concerns.
  • Concerns should be factual and evidence based.
  • Concerns should be written in ink, signed and dated.
  • Concerns should be passed directly to the DSL.
  • ALL concern logs will be kept either in whole school safeguarding files or in an individual pupil safeguarding file.
  • A pupil will have an individual safeguarding file when there has been a number of concerns, an offer of Early Help or the family is, or has been at Level 2 or above on the Continuum of Need.
  • DSLs will record all discussions, decisions and rationale behind decisions and sharing of information in the child's records.
  • DSLs will record evidence of child's wishes, professional challenge, offers of early help and multi-agency working.
  • When individual pupils are discussed during staff meetings, such as supervision, staff updates or risk assessments etc. pupil information should be anonymised or stored in a secure manner.
  • All safeguarding records will be stored securely in a locked room/cabinet.
  • Only DSLs and other named staff will have access to safeguarding records.
  • If a child for whom the school has, or has had, safeguarding concerns moves to another school, the DSL will ensure that their child protection file is forwarded promptly and securely, and separately from the main pupil file. In addition, if the concerns are significant or complex, and/or social services are involved, the DSL will speak to the DSL of the receiving school and provide information to enable them to have time to make any necessary preparations to ensure the safety of the child.
  • The safeguarding file will be hand delivered to the DSL at the receiving school. If this is not possible, the safeguarding file will be sent by recorded delivery.
  • A receipt will be obtained at time of transfer and the responsibility for the safeguarding records will pass to the receiving school.
  • The educational establishment where the pupil attends at statutory school leaving age (18) will securely retain the safeguarding records until the child's 25th birthday.

Safeguarding records will then be destroyed securely

  • Advice will be sought from legal services and/or Schools Safeguarding Officer if any staff are unclear about any aspects of safeguarding record keeping

Safer Recruitment   Park High School is committed to keeping pupils safe by ensuring that adults who work or volunteer in school are safe to do so. We therefore ensure that:

  • There is a strong reference and commitment to safeguarding during advertisement, selection and recruitment of new staff.
  • At least one governor and one staff member have attended Safer Recruitment Training in the last 5 years.
  • There are at least 2 people on each selection panel and at least one person on every selection panel has attended Safer Recruitment Training.
  • ALL staff will monitor the conduct of all adults who come into contact with children at school and report any concerns to the DSL, headteacher or Chair of Governors as appropriate.
  • Relevant, proportionate and lawful checks are undertaken on all adults who regularly work at, or visit the school.
  • A Single Central Record is kept of checks that are undertaken on all adults who regularly work at, or visit the school – additional guidance has been provided in KCSIE 2020 regarding who and what should be included on the SCR.
  • The SCR is stored securely electronically by HR Lead and only accessed by designated staff and governors.
  • DSLs/HT/Safeguarding Governor/Chair of Governors/HR Lead should evidence regular oversight/scrutiny of the SCR using the SCR Audit Sheet.
  • Evidence of staff members identity, required qualifications and the right to work in the UK will be kept in individual personnel files.
  • Covering (umbrella) letters will be obtained from agencies and other employers that provide staff to work in school.
  • Individual identity checks will be undertaken on those staff detailed above to ensure they are employees of the named agency/employer.
  • A transfer of control agreement will be used where other agencies/organisations use school premises and are not operating under school's safeguarding policies and procedures.
  • Advice will be sought from Human Resources, LADO and/or Schools Safeguarding Officer if any staff are unclear about any aspects of Safer Recruitment.

Allegations of abuse

Park High School understands that when an allegation is made against a member of staff and volunteers, set procedures must be followed. We therefore ensure that:

  • All staff and volunteers are aware of the requirement to, and process of referring allegations against staff (including supply and visitors) to the headteacher
  • All staff and volunteers are aware of the requirement to, and process of referring allegations against the headteacher to the nominated Governor
  • The Headteacher and/or Chair of Governors will discuss the allegation with the Local Authority Designated Officer (LADO)
  • LSCB procedures for dealing with allegations against staff will be followed http://panlancashirescb.proceduresonline.com/chapters/p_allegations.html
  • All staff and volunteers remember that the welfare of the child is paramount and that they have a duty to inform the DSL if any adult's conduct gives cause for concern
  • All concerns of poor practice or possible child abuse by staff and volunteers should be reported to the head teacher.
  • Complaints about the head teacher should be reported to the Chair of Governors
  • All staff are aware of the school’s Whistleblowing Policy which enables staff to raise concerns or allegations in confidence and for a sensitive enquiry to take place

 

Visitors

Park High School is committed to keeping pupils safe by ensuring that visitors to school do not pose a risk to children at our school. We therefore ensure that:

 

 

  • Visitors to school sign in and wear identification sticker and/or lanyard.
  • ALL staff and children, where appropriate, will challenge visitors to school who are not wearing correct identification.
  • Visitors sign out and remove/hand in their identification when they leave the school.
  • Visitors are aware of safeguarding procedures and to whom they can report if they are worried about a child during their visit.
  • Visitors are accompanied during their visit, when children are present, unless they have undergone relevant checks and these are accepted and verified by DSL or headteacher.
  • Visitors will behave in a way that is compliant with the school's code of conduct.
  • Visitors will not use mobile phones or other similar electronic devices during their visit unless agreed by the headteacher or DSL.
  • Visitors will not initiate contact or conversations with pupils unless this is relevant and appropriate to the reason for their visit.
  • When there are several visitors to the school at the same time (such as for an assembly etc) there will be adequate staff supervision of children and visitors. A risk assessment will be undertaken if deemed necessary or appropriate.
  • When visitors are undertaking activities with children, content of the activity will be agreed with the headteacher or DSL, prior to the visit.

Cameras, mobile phones and devices

Park High School is committed to keeping pupils safe by ensuring that electronic devices such as cameras, phones and tablets are used in an appropriate manner. School will therefore ensure that:

 

  • Parental consent is obtained to take and use photographs and/or videos of children.
  • Parental consent is obtained for photographs to be taken by the media for use in relation to promoting or publishing the school.
  • Separate parental consent is obtained if any other agency requests to take photographs of any child.
  • Parental consent will be valid for 5 years but may be sought more regularly at the discretion of the headteacher.
  • Images will be uploaded to, and stored in a secure place for a relevant amount of time, this may be for longer than the child is at school if appropriate.
  • Photographs and videos of children are only taken to provide evidence of their achievements for developmental records or for other school related purposes.
  • Staff, visitors, volunteers and students do not use their own mobile phones to take or record any images of children.
  • The school's digital camera/s or memory cards must not leave the school setting unless this is agreed by the head teacher for official school business.
  • Photos are printed/uploaded in the setting by staff and once done images are to be immediately removed from the cameras memory.
  • Parents are reminded frequently of the risks associated with posting images of children to social media.
  • Parents are reminded frequently that they are not permitted to distribute or post images that contain children other than their own.
  • Staff, volunteers and visitors will not use mobile phones in toilet or changing areas.
  • ALL staff, volunteers and visitors will adhere to the above policies and failure to do so will be addressed appropriately by the head teacher and/or the Governing Body.
  • Students' use of mobile phones and other devices will be managed under the school's.

Behaviour Policy

Review Dates

Policy adopted by the Governing Body on: September 2020.

Policy to be reviewed no later than: September 2021

 

 

Key Personnel & training details

Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL)

Mrs Catherine Bridges

 

Date DSL Training Attended Sept 2020  
     
 

Deputy DSL(s)

Date DSL Training Attended

Mrs Amanda Coward 

Sept 2020

Mr Gareth Jackson

  Date DSL Training Attended May 2019
    Mrs Jenn Casper-Smith
  Date DSL Training Attended May 2019
     
Prevent Lead

 

Mrs Cathy Bridges

  Date Prevent/WRAP training September 2020
     
 

Headteacher

Mrs C Eulert

  Date safeguarding training attended September 2020
     
 

Chair Of Governors & Safeguarding Governor

Mr Ian Walker

  Date safeguarding training attended  
     

Useful Contacts

LCC Schools Safeguarding Officer

Victoria Wallace 01772 531196

CYPsafeeduc@lancashire.gov.uk

     
 

Local Authority Designated

 

Tim Booth / Shane Penn / Donna Green - 01772 536694

 

Officer (LADO)

 

LADO.admin@lancashire.gov.uk

             
 

Education Early Support

 

Jenny Ashton 01772 531643

 

Coordinators

 

jennifer.ashton@lancashire.gov.uk Matt

     

Chipchase 01254 220989

 
     

matt.chipchase@lancashire.gov.uk

             
 

Lancashire Children's Social

 

0300 1236720

     
 

Care

 

cypreferrals@lancashire.gov.uk

 
       
 

Whistleblowing

 

Head of HR – 01282 856032

     

whistleblowingcomplaints@penninetrust.org